The phonograph is a device for the mechanical recording and reproduction of sound.In its later forms, it is also called a gramophone (as a trademark since 1887, as a generic name in the UK since 1910), or, since the 1940s, a record player.

Phonograph cylinders are the earliest commercial medium for recording and reproducing sound.Commonly known simply as "records" in their era of greatest popularity (c. 1896–1915), these hollow cylindrical objects have an audio recording engraved on the outside surface, which can be reproduced when they are played on a mechanical cylinder ...

Der Phonograph (Neologismus, griechisch für Schall-oder Klangschreiber) ist ein Gerät zur akustisch-mechanischen Aufnahme und Wiedergabe von Schall mithilfe von Tonwalzen.